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虚拟语气的用法归纳 具体例子介绍

发布时间:2022-11-14点击次数:952

  虚拟语气表示说话人所说的话不是事实,而是一种假设、愿望、怀疑或推测。虚拟语气主要用于if条件状语从句,也可用于主语从句、表语从句、宾语从句等。以下是郑州优状元学校老师整理的内容,大家可以参考。


虚拟语气的用法归纳 具体例子介绍

  虚拟语气的用法归纳具体例子介绍


  一、虚拟语气的用法归纳


  1、表示与现在事实相反的情况


  从句:If+主语+动词一般过去时(Be动词用were)


  主句:主语+should/would/might/could+do:


  eg:If I were you,I would take an umbrella.


  如果我是你,我会带把伞。(事实:我不可能是你)


  2、表示与过去事实相反的情况


  从句:If+主语+had+done


  主句:主语+should/would/might/could+have done


  eg:If I had got there earlier,I should/would have met her.


  如果我早到那儿,我就会见到她。(事实:去晚了)


  3、表示与将来事实相反


  从句:①if+主语+were to do


  ②if+主语+should+do


  ③if+主语+动词一般过去式(be动词用were)


  主句:主语+should/would/might/could+do


  eg:If she were to be here next Monday,I would tell her about the matter.


  如果她下周一来这儿的话,我就会告诉她这件事的始末。(事实:来的可能性很小,不可能)


  二、虚拟语气的应用实例


  1.与现在事实相反的虚拟语气,if从句中的谓语用过去式(be用were),主句用would/could/mightshould+动词原形。


  If I had enough money,I would buy myself a computer.


  我如果有足够的钱,会为自己买一台电脑。


  If I were you,I would forgive Mary.


  如果我是你,我就会原谅玛丽。


  2.与将来事实相反的虚拟语气,从句谓语过去式(be用were)/should+动词原形/were to+动词原形,主句谓语would/could/might/should do.


  If I saw/should see/were to see him tomorrow,I would invite him home.


  我如果明天见到他,会邀请他到家里来。


  ·If I were to do the job,I would do it in a different way.


  要是我来做这项工作,我会用另一种方法。


  3.与过去事实相反的虚拟语气,主句谓语should/would/could/might+have+过去分词,If条件从句的谓语形式had+过去分词词。


  If we had had enough rain last year,we could have gained a good harvest.


  如果去年雨水充足的话,我们可能会有一个好收成。


  If the weather had been nice yesterday,we would have gone for a picnic.如果昨天天气好的话,我们就去野餐了。


  4.wish后的宾语从句用虚拟语气,从句的谓语形式虚拟情况


  与现在事实相反用:过去式(be用were)


  与过去事实相反had+过去分词


  与将来事实相反would/could/might+动词原形


  I wish(that)I were a bird and could fly freely in the sky.


  我希望我是一只鸟,可以在天空中自由地飞翔。


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